E-voting involves the use of electronic means to cast votes. Generally, there are two main e-voting types: First, there is a representative at the polling station to supervise the electronic voting machine. Second is the use of the internet to vote from anywhere, also known as remote electronic voting.
The parties affected by the use of e-voting are the government and the voters. E-voting is incorporated since it has a lot of advantages for both parties. The voters gain a great experience in their comfort or at the polling stations. They are sure that their votes will perfectly be counted since it’s the most efficient and effective method. The various types of the voting systems include:
- Direct-recording electronic voting system
- Public network DRE voting system
- Online voting
- Paper-based e-voting system
On the other hand, leadership can build confidence in the citizens. They can also increase the turnout of the voters and reduce the expenses of using a lot of traditional voting materials. Eventually, there will be a democratic voting process that is fair and just for all the voters.
There is reduced fraud by using e-voting as the ballots are not interfered with. The use of e-voting machines with advanced software is beneficial. They improve on accuracy, privacy, and verifiability.
Some problems also arise due to the use of digital voting processes. Most of the representatives from the independent electoral authorities lack the required skills to use the machines. Defaulting administrative passwords, thus making the devices cause a lot of errors.
The use of electronic voting assists in ensuring efficient feedback is received, thus solving the problem of overvoting and undervoting.
In the modern era of electronic voting, new advancements are yet to be created and used. Both software and mechanical functionality will ensure that elections are fair and just.